In 2001 a court in Copenhagen,
Denmark ruled in favor of the Danish Newspaper Publisher's Association against
the online news aggregator Newsbooster. Thereby deep linking has been ruled
illegal. In 2006, the Danish Maritime and Commercial Court has taken the
opposite stance. The court accepted the use of deep links. The Danish web portal
Ofir.dk had made deeplinks to real estate advertisements on the Internet,
including advertisements from the market leading estate agency chain Home, who
sued Ofir. The court stressed that search engines and deep links are desirable
for the functioning of the internet today:
"Different kinds of search services which may be considered to be increasing in
number on the Internet must be considered to be desirable as being necessary for
the functioning of today’s Internet as a medium for searching and exchanging an
incredibly extensive and steadily increasing quantity of information. The
database protection that is one purpose of the Database Directive also reflects
these conditions. It must be considered that search services generally make
available deep links whereby the user can efficiently directly arrive at the
desired information which, as the Internet is established and functions,
generally must be seen to comply with the interests followed by those who choose
to use the Internet for the provision of information to the public."
March 6, 2006:
Groundbreaking Judgment Deep Linking, Law & Justice:
"In a groundbreaking judgment the Danish Maritime and Commercial Court
accepted the use of deep linking in relation to real estate advertisement."
Zoekallehuizen.nl (”Searchforallhouses.nl”; ZAH) is a search engine, which
searches all web sites of estate agents in The Netherlands for houses that are
for sale on a daily basis and places the results of its search actions on its
websites in the form of deeplinks. A court in Arnhem denied two estate agents
and the Dutch Association of Estate Agents (NVM) a injunction to stop ZAH from
deep linking. According to the court, deep linking is permissible and the texts
accompanying the deep links are allowed under the quotation right.
In the beginning of 2006,
in a case between the search engine Bixee.com and job site
Naukri.com, the Delhi High Court in India prohibited Bixee.com
from deeplinking to Naukri.com. This is the first case of its
kind in India.
March 23, 2006:Bhaswati Chakravorty,
The Deep Linking Conundrum:
"Deep linking has confounded the Internet community always. As the
Naukri case becomes the first-ever in India, we try to delve into its
There have been a
lot of lawsuits concerning
linking, framing and search
engine issues in the last years.
In this section you'll find
short introductions into the
different cases and links to
news articles about it.